Skip to main content

The Anatomy

The vascular system is a network of blood vessels responsible for circulating blood throughout the body. It comprises arteries, which carry oxygen-rich blood away from the heart to the tissues and organs, and veins, which return oxygen-depleted blood to the heart. The capillaries facilitate the exchange of nutrients and oxygen between the bloodstream and tissues. This vascular system supports growth and development in children.

The vascular system supplies the brain and spinal cord with the blood and nutrients they need for growth and functioning. Vascular malformations in the brain or spinal cord, like arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) or cavernous angiomas, can lead to abnormal blood flow, causing bleeding, neurological symptoms, and other neurovascular conditions. Accurate diagnosis and treatment are essential to mitigate the impact of these conditions.

Mom playing with baby, using Dr. Tim Vogel for arteriorvenous malformations in Totowa

The Prevalence

Vascular conditions in children, while relatively rare, may include a diverse range of disorders. Vascular anomalies like hemangiomas and vascular malformations, are among the more commonly diagnosed conditions. Timely diagnosis is essential to address these complex vascular challenges effectively and minimize their impact on a child’s growth and development. Dr. Tim Vogel and our team are dedicated to providing expert evaluation and tailored treatment for children with vascular issues.

The Symptoms:

  • Persistent or sudden pain in affected areas.
  • Visible swelling or enlargement of blood vessels.
  • Discoloration, ulcers, or skin abnormalities over the affected area.
  • Unexplained or recurrent bleeding from the affected vessels.
  • Easy bruising or the appearance of bruises without apparent injury.
  • Difficulty moving limbs or performing specific functions.
  • Headaches, seizures, or neurological deficits.
  • Rapid heartbeat, chest pain, or palpitations in certain vascular conditions.

The symptoms can vary widely depending on the specific vascular condition and location. Early recognition and diagnosis are essential for providing appropriate interventions and support to improve a child’s quality of life.

Risk Factors for Vascular Conditions:

  • Family history of vascular conditions.
  • Congenital anomalies due to developmental abnormalities.
  • Injuries, such as blunt force trauma or surgical procedures.
  • Certain infections during pregnancy or childhood.
  • Hormonal fluctuations, especially during puberty.
  • Certain underlying medical conditions or syndromes.
Child cooking with adult after treatment for arteriorvenous malformation in Totowa

The Conditions Treated:

  • Arteriovenous Malformations (AVMs): Arteriovenous Malformations  are abnormal tangles of blood vessels connecting arteries and veins in the brain or spinal cord.
  • Cerebral Aneurysms: Weak spots in brain arteries that can balloon and rupture.
  • Cavernous Angiomas: Clusters of abnormally formed blood vessels in the brain or spinal cord that can lead to seizures, headaches, or neurological deficits.
  • Vein of Galen Malformations: Rare vascular anomalies affecting the brain’s deep veins, potentially causing heart failure or neurological issues.
  • Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas (DAVF): Abnormal connections between arteries and veins in the brain’s covering (dura mater) that can disrupt blood flow.
  • Moyamoya Disease: Progressive narrowing of brain arteries, increasing the risk of a stroke.
  • Stroke: Sudden loss of brain function due to disrupted blood supply.
    Spinal Vascular Malformations: Abnormal blood vessels in the spinal cord, potentially causing pain, weakness, or sensory changes.
  • Others: Acute subdural hematoma, aneurysms, great vein of galen malformations, cavernous malformations, carotid cavernous fistula (CCF), cerebral ischemia, developmental venous anomaly, dural arteriovenous fistulous malformations (DAVFM), intra-cerebral hemorrhage (ICH), ischemic stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), chronic subdural hematoma, vascular dissection, vascular malformations, vasculitis, vasospasm, arteriorvenous malformations (AVM) and venous sinus thrombosis.

Dr. Tim Vogel and our team of multidisciplinary specialists will evaluate your child’s symptoms and administer comprehensive tests to identify the specific neurovascular condition and its root cause. Early diagnosis and intervention can dramatically improve your child’s quality of life.

The Diagnosis

Diagnosing neurovascular conditions in children typically begins with a medical history and physical examination to identify symptoms and potential risk factors. Advanced imaging studies, such as cerebral angiography, CT angiography, or MRI angiography, are often used to visualize blood vessel abnormalities and determine the extent of the condition. Additionally, neurologic and vascular tests may be conducted to assess motor function, sensory responses, and blood flow. An accurate diagnosis forms the foundation for creating an individualized treatment plan.

The Treatment

Treating neurovascular conditions in children requires a tailored approach based on the specific condition and its severity. The treatment options may include medical management, minimally invasive procedures, or surgical interventions. Medications may be used to manage symptoms or prevent complications, while procedures like embolization or surgical resection can address vascular abnormalities. Dr. Vogel and our team at Pediatric Neurosurgeons of New Jersey collaborate closely with multidisciplinary experts to provide comprehensive care, ensuring each child receives personalized treatment.

Logo for Pediatric Neurosurgeons of New Jersey Pediatric Neurosurgeons of New Jersey

Schedule Your Consultation

Dr. Tim Vogel is a distinguished, board-certified pediatric neurosurgeon with a remarkable track record in treating complex neurovascular conditions in children. As the former Chief of Pediatric Neurosurgery at Joseph M. Sanzari Children’s Hospital and a highly regarded Top Doc in Bergen County, his credentials are a testament to his expertise. If your child is grappling with a neurovascular condition, we urge you to schedule a consultation with Dr. Vogel. We offer same-day and next-day appointments to ensure your child receives prompt, compassionate care.

Your Child's Well-Being is Our Top Priority

Schedule a Consultation

Contact Us 551-777-8118